What is Galvanic Machine?
Its primary uses are to:
- Disincrustation: softening the sebum and opening the pores for a deep clean
- Iontophoresis: the introduction of water-soluble materials into the skin
Galvanic current is used for the following functions:
Disincrustation – During disincrustation, the galvanic current creates a chemical reaction that softens or emulsifies (liquefies) sebum, turning it into soap (a process known as saponification). Soap is made of fat and lye (sodium hydroxide). After liquefying the sebum, the electrical current from the galvanic unit interacts with the salts (sodium chloride) in the skin, creating the chemical sodium hydroxide or lye. The lye and fatty liquefied sebum combine to form a soapy substance that helps dissolve grease deposits, debris, and blackheads in the hair follicles, making comedones much easier to extract. Disincrustation facilitates deep pore cleansing and is particularly beneficial for acne or oily skin.
Iontophoresis: Iontophoresis means the introduction of ions. It assists the penetration of water-soluble products into the skin. There are 2 types of iontophoresis:
- Cataphoresis uses galvanic current flowing from the positive to the negative pole to force acidic products into the deeper tissues.
- Anaphoresis uses galvanic current flowing from the negative to the positive pole to force liquids that are bases (alkaline) into the tissues.
Galvanic is one of the most popular modalities found in spas today because it is simple, yet effective. If you are offering acne facials, or if you really want to see results from the products you are using, consider incorporating galvanic into your facials today!
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